Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)
Vitamin B12 takes on a variety of important functions in the organism. These include helping to reduce tiredness and fatigue and maintaining a normal energy metabolism. It contributes to a normal function of the psyche, immune and nervous system, it supports the formation of red blood cells and is beneficial for a normal homocysteine metabolism. Furthermore, the body needs vitamin B12 cell division. Vitamin B12 acts as a so-called coenzyme in the body. This means that vitamin B12 is necessary for certain enzymes in our body to fulfil their tasks. The related processes are directly dependent on vitamin B12 and cannot take place without the vitamin.
VITAMIN B12 MH3A® Formula
Vitamin B12 exists in different chemical forms, each with different functions within the body. The natural forms of vitamin B12 that can be readily absorbed by the body are described as "bioactive coenzymes". Synthetic forms of Vitamin B12 such as cyanocobalamin must be first coverted into a natural form by the body in order to be effective, which is why we use naturally bioactive Vitamin B12.
The biologically active coenzyme forms of vitamin B12 in the body are called methylcobalamin and adenosylcobalamin. Both act at different places and in completely different reactions, which is why humans need both forms of vitamin B12 and can also convert them into each other. Methylcobalamin is active in the cytoplasm as a part of the methylation cycle, which has a broad impact on various aspects of our health such as blood formation, brain health, and the nervous system. Adenosylcobalamin, on the other hand, is active within the mitochondria—the "powerhouses" of cells—where it is part of the citric acid cycle, considered the main metabolic cycle for energy production. Hydroxocobalamin is another natural form of vitamin B12 that can be found in many food products. Most of the vitamin B12 in the blood is in the form of hydroxocobalamin. Hydroxocobalamin binds particularly well to vitamin B12 transport molecules and is therefore excreted less quickly; as a result, it is considered the B12 with the best depot properties. Hydroxocobalamin can be easily converted by the body into the active coenzyme forms as needed.
Vitamin B9 Folate
Folate, also known as vitamin B9, is involved in a variety of important body functions in the organism. This essential vitamin fulfils numerous important tasks in cell metabolism. It also contributes to the functioning of energy metabolism, can reduce fatigue and tiredness and supports the immune system as well as mental functioning. It is needed for haematosis, cell division, homocysteine metabolism and forming amino acids. Folate also plays a role in the growth of maternal tissue during pregnancy.
Synthetic folate must be first converted into active folate by the body before taking effect. Folate conversion can be especially difficult for those with inherited metabolic disorders, because it requires various cofactors and enzymes. The naturally active form of folate is known as L-methylfolate (L-5-methyltetrahydrofolate or L-5-MTHF). L-methylfolate is an important methyl donor and an essential part of the methylation cycle.
The patented premium active ingredient Quatrefolic® provides 99.9% pure L-5-methyltetrahydrofolate.
Health Benefits of Vitamin B12 According to the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA):
Vitamin B12 contributes to:
- Normal energy-yielding metabolism
- Normal functioning of the nervous system
- Normal homocysteine metabolism
- Normal psychological function
- Normal red blood cell formation
- The normal function of the immune system
- The reduction of tiredness and fatigue
- Vitamin B12 has a role in the process of cell division
Health Benefits of Folate (Vitamin B9) According to the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA):
Folate contributes to:
- The growth of maternal tissue during pregnancy
- Normal amino acid synthesis
- Normal haematosis
- Normal homocysteine metabolism
- Normal mental function
- Normal functioning of the immune system
- Reducing tiredness and fatigue
- Cell division