Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)
Vitamin B12 takes on a variety of important functions in the organism. These include helping to reduce tiredness and fatigue and maintaining a normal energy metabolism. It contributes to a normal function of the psyche, immune and nervous system, it supports the formation of red blood cells and is beneficial for a normal homocysteine metabolism. Furthermore, the body needs vitamin B12 cell division. Vitamin B12 acts as a so-called coenzyme in the body. This means that vitamin B12 is necessary for certain enzymes in our body to fulfil their tasks. The related processes are directly dependent on vitamin B12 and cannot take place without the vitamin.
Vitamin B12 MH3A® Formula
Vitamin B12 (cobalamin) exists in different chemical forms, each with different functions within the body. The natural forms of vitamin B12 that can be readily absorbed by the body are described as "bioactive coenzymes". Synthetic forms of Vitamin B12 such as cyanocobalamin must be first converted into a natural form by the body in order to be effective, which is why we use naturally bioactive forms of Vitamin B12 that the body can directly use.
The coenzyme forms of vitamin B12 that are biologically active in the body are called methylcobalamin and adenosylcobalamin. They both act at different places and in completely different reactions, which is why humans need both forms of vitamin B12 and can also convert them into each other. Methylcobalamin acts in the cell plasma as part of the methylation cycle, which has a far-reaching influence on various health areas such as blood formation, psyche and the nervous system. On the other hand, adenosylcobalamin works in the mitochondria, the energy power plants of our cells. It is there part of the citrate cycle, the central metabolic cycle for the production of energy. Hydroxocobalamin is another natural form of vitamin B12 that is found in many food products. Most of the vitamin B12 in the blood is in the form of hydroxocobalamin. Hydroxocobalamin binds particularly well to vitamin B12 transport molecules and is therefore excreted less quickly; it is considered the B12 with the best depot properties. Hydroxocobalamin can be easily converted by the body into the active coenzyme forms as needed.
Health Benefits of Vitamin B12 According to the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA):
Vitamin B12 contributes to:
- Normal energy-yielding metabolism
- Normal functioning of the nervous system
- Normal homocysteine metabolism
- Normal psychological function
- Normal red blood cell formation
- The normal function of the immune system
- The reduction of tiredness and fatigue
- Vitamin B12 has a role in the process of cell division